Even today, excreta management is still done in the traditional way in most cases.
2 traditional methods are used:
1)Cleaning by hand shower. Because of the high contamination risk for thestaff, the environment and equipment due to the spread of spills,splashes and micro-droplets, this method is now prohibited in many countries and is strongly.
2)Cleaning by bedpan washer. This type of cleaning can present risks of environmental contamination for several reasons, whether it is by the degradation of the material which creates “niches” that are difficult to disinfect or by the transport of full racks in the hospital premises which entails risks of spills and splashes.